API Documentation






class ZCatalog

ZCatalog object

A ZCatalog contains arbitrary index like references to Zope objects. ZCatalog's can index object attribute using a variety of "plug-in" index types.

Several index types are included, and others may be added.

Text indexes index textual content. The index can be used to search for objects containing certain words.
Field indexes index atomic values. The index can be used to search for objects that have certain properties.
Keyword indexes index sequences of values. The index can be used to search for objects that match one or more of the search terms.
Path indexes index URI paths. They allow you to find objects based on their placement in a hierarchy.
Date indexes index date and type data. They are a type of field index specifically optimized for indexing dates.
Date Range
Date range indexes index time intervals. They are designed for efficient searching of dates falling between two boundaries (such as effective / expiration dates).
Topic indexes store prefiltered sets of documents. They are used to optimize complex queries into a single fast query by prefiltering documents by an expression

The ZCatalog can maintain a table of extra data about cataloged objects. This information can be used on search result pages to show information about a search result.

The meta-data table schema is used to build the schema for ZCatalog Result objects. The objects have the same attributes as the column of the meta-data table.

ZCatalog does not store references to the objects themselves, but rather to a unique identifier that defines how to get to the object. In Zope, this unique identifier is the object's relative path to the ZCatalog (since two Zope objects cannot have the same URL, this is an excellent unique qualifier in Zope).

__module__ = __builtin__


catalog_object(obj, uid, idxs=None, update_metadata=1):

Catalogs the object obj with the unique identifier uid.

The uid must be a physical path, either absolute or relative to the catalog.

If provided, idxs specifies the names of indexes to update.

If update_metadata is specified (the default), the object's metadata is updated. If it is not, the metadata is left untouched. This flag has no effect if the object is not yet cataloged (metadata is always added for new objects).


returns the unique values for a given FieldIndex named name.

searchResults(REQUEST=None, **kw):

Search the catalog.

Search terms can be passed in the REQUEST or as keyword arguments.

Search queries consist of a mapping of index names to search parameters. You can either pass a mapping to searchResults as the variable REQUEST or you can use index names and search parameters as keyword arguments to the method, in other words:

  searchResults(title='Elvis Exposed',
                author='The Great Elvonso')

is the same as:

  searchResults({'title' : 'Elvis Exposed',
                 'author : 'The Great Elvonso'})

In these examples, title and author are indexes. This query will return any objects that have the title Elvis Exposed AND also are authored by The Great Elvonso. Terms that are passed as keys and values in a searchResults() call are implicitly ANDed together. To OR two search results, call searchResults() twice and add concatenate the results like this:

  results = ( searchResults(title='Elvis Exposed') +
              searchResults(author='The Great Elvonso') )

This will return all objects that have the specified title OR the specified author.

There are some special index names you can pass to change the behavior of the search query:

This parameters specifies which index to sort the results on.
You can specify reverse or descending. Default behavior is to sort ascending.
An optimization hint to tell the catalog how many results you are really interested in. See the limit argument to the search method for more details.

There are some rules to consider when querying this method:

Depending on the type of index you are querying, you may be able to provide more advanced search parameters that can specify range searches or wildcards. These features are documented in The Zope Book.


Reindex every object we can find, removing the unreachable ones from the index.

search(query_request, sort_index=None, reverse=0, limit=None, merge=1):

Programmatic search interface, use for searching the catalog from scripts.

Dictionary containing catalog query. This uses the same format as searchResults.
Name of sort index
Boolean, reverse sort order (defaults to false)
Limit sorted result count to the n best records. This is an optimization hint used in conjunction with a sort_index. If possible ZCatalog will use a different sort algorithm that uses much less memory and scales better then a full sort. The actual number of records returned is not guaranteed to be <= limit. You still need to apply the same batching to the results. Since the len() of the results will no longer be the actual result count, you can use the "actual_result_count" attribute of the lazy result object instead to determine the size of the full result set.
Return merged, lazy results (like searchResults) or raw results for later merging. This can be used to perform multiple queries (even across catalogs) and merge and sort the combined results.


Return the path to a cataloged object given a data_record_id_


Returns a sequence of names that correspond to indexes.

getobject(rid, REQUEST=None):

Return a cataloged object given a data_record_id_


Returns a sequence of actual index objects.

NOTE: This returns unwrapped indexes! You should probably use getIndexObjects instead. Some indexes expect to be wrapped.


Returns a list of acquisition wrapped index objects

__call__(REQUEST=None, **kw):

Search the catalog, the same way as searchResults.


Uncatalogs the object with the unique identifier uid.

The uid must be a physical path, either absolute or relative to the catalog.


Return the data_record_id_ to a cataloged object given a path


Get the meta-data schema

Returns a sequence of names that correspond to columns in the meta-data table.


manage_addZCatalog(id, title, vocab_id=None):

Add a ZCatalog object.

this argument is deprecated and ignored.